"The average daily caloric intake of an American is now 3,700 calories," said The Global Post in an article entitled The Hungriest Places on Earth. "On Thanksgiving, that average jumps to 4,500. In contrast, people in 15 countries consumed less than half of that amount each day, if they are lucky, and much, much less if they are not." (Incidentally, daily calorie intake in the U.S. increased from 3,605 in 2003. Here is a global map for that year)
|Tanzania (Global Hunger Post)|
While Burundi had the smallest daily calorie intake, Comoros (an island off the southeast coast of Africa) experienced the widest calorie deficit at 655. This refers to daily number of calories that each undernourished person would need to eat to become nourished.
|Cover Photo for 2013 Global Hunger Index|
Another measure is the Global Hunger Index (GHI) which uses a combination of metrics to rank at-risk countries from 1 to 78, with 78 being the most at-risk country. Burundi, Eritrea, Comoros and East Timor scored respective ratings of 78, 77, 76 and 75 on the GHI. Other countries were not far behind: Madagascar (70), Zambia (69), Haiti (67), Mozambique (64), Tanzania (62)and DRC (61).
"The GHI highlights successes and failures in hunger reduction and provides insights into the drivers of hunger, and food and nutrition insecurity," said the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), which compiled the data. By raising awareness and understanding of regional and country differences, the GHI, it is hoped, will trigger actions to reduce hunger."
"The 2013 Global Hunger Index (GHI), which reflects data from the period 2008–2012, shows that global hunger has improved since 1990, falling by one-third," added the IFPRI. "Despite the progress made, the level of hunger in the world remains 'serious,' with 870 million people going hungry, according to estimates by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations." Here is a link to the full report.